Charles Upson Clark (1875-1960) was a professor at Columbia University and the author of many books on a variety of subjects. Clark also maintained a great interest in Romania and its people. This interest led him to published several works on this subject. This book – Greater Romania – was published by Dodd, Mead, and Company in 1922. It provides a general introduction to Romanian geography and culture, and includes several chapters on the country’s history and international relations in the early twentieth century. Charles Upson Clark loved Romania and the Romanians. See why, here:
PREFACE TO “GREATER ROUMANIA”
In my study of anti-Italian propaganda during and after the war, I became interested in the similar campaign of mis-representation directed against Roumania. The two Latin sisters had much in common in their relation to the Austro-
Hungarian monarchy; but Roumania was far less known in the West than Italy. Accordingly I welcomed an invitation of 1919 from the Roumanian Government to come out and observe the post-war situation on the spot. This book is based on those personal observations.
Our ignorance of Roumania is so great that I have thought it desirable to sketch the geography and history of the country, as an introduction; her part in the war has been so maligned that I have inserted a brief account, based on official sources, of her heroic defence and of the great victory she won over Mackensen at Marasheshti; her campaign against Bela Kun’s attack has been so distorted that I have devoted a chapter (also embodying an official report) to the story of her clever and successful parrying of the blow. Having had the unusual good fortune to be in Buda Pesth under the Roumanian occupation, as well as in Paris during part of the Conference, and to have access to several documents hitherto unpublished, I am enabled to give a fuller and more accurate story, I hope, of her relations with the Peace Conference, than has yet been attempted. Through the courtesy of the American Relief Administration, the American Red Cross and the Y. M. C. A., I include resumes
of their activities, which have made the American name beloved throughout Roumania. Since she offers remarkable opportunities to the farsighted American capitalist and manufacturer, I have tried to make the book a trustworthy work of reference for the business man, as well as for the traveler and the student of history and literature.
It is a grateful task to acknowledge unbounded courtesies and hospitality from those mentioned in these pages, and many others. My chapters on the history, language and literature have had the advantage of kind criticism and correction by my friends Mr. Nicholas H. E. Lahovari, Dr. I. Lugosiano and Capt. Basil Stoica; but these gentlemen are not to be understood as sharing my views, nor are they to be held responsible for any of my statements and opinions.
In Roumanian proper names, I have in general followed their convention, by which, on visiting cards printed for Western Europe, Carol Bratianu becomes Charles Bratiano, and Tache lonescu. Take Jonesco. I would urge every reader first to study the pronunciation of the language, explained on p. 2 78; it is almost as melodious as the Italian it so closely resembles. An agreeable surprise of my lecture tour devoted to Roumania was the delight shown over the Roumanian poems which I quoted; and this has emboldened me to print several of them in this book, with only a literal translation.
In fine, my attempt has been to provide the reader with the necessary elements for a sympathetic understanding of Roumania, her policy, her ambitions and her future. I have tried to embody my deep impression of a national education, through centuries of storm and oppression, to the present marvelous development of this attractive and gifted people — how misunderstood and misrepresented, I hope to have made clear. May the reader end sharing my conviction that Roumania has the future of Southeastern Europe in her hands, and that any Western nation will honor itself, as well as profit, by helpful association in Roumanian development.
Charles Upson Clark
Paris, October 24, 1921